Unemployment amongst women in Iran has reached a point that even official Iranian regime media are talking about it. The state-run Asr-e Iran wrote in this regard, “Results from statistics on the country’s workforce shows while unemployment amongst women in Iran has reached 19.2% in 2013, the rate of men taking part in the job market was 63%, showing an increase in the number of men entering the job market in comparison to women.
According to official figures the rate of unemployment amongst women was 16.8% in 2009, and it reached 19.8% in 2013, showing a 3% increase in a period of four years.
While the rate of men participation in the job market in 2013 was reported at 63%, these same numbers for women was around 12.4%.
Official statistics show that in four years (2009 – 2013) the number of employed women in Iran dropped 14.2%.
According to these figures in 2009 around 3.7 million people employed across the country were women, whereas in 2013 these numbers had decreased to 3.145 million, showing a 521,000 decrease. In other words each year around 130,000 women get out of the job market.
On the issue of the gender segregation divide, the first thing that comes to one’s attention on women’s employment statistics in Iran is the changes made in women’s unemployment numbers.
Statistics show that in 2009 nearly 30.5% of all women were in agricultural jobs, 25.5% were in the industry and 44% in services; and the changes made have led to a lesser portion of jobs for women in the fields of agriculture and industry.
(State-run Asr-e Iran daily – July 19, 2015)