The unemployment rate of female graduates is two to three times higher than male graduates in Iran.
At the fifth meeting of the coordination workgroup council of the women heads of households’ empowerment, the clerical regime’s presidential deputy for women and family affairs, Masoumeh Ebtekar pointed out the unemployment rate of female graduates and said, “The overall statistics say that educated females are two to three times higher than unemployed males.” (The state-run ISNA news agency – February 12, 2019)
The unemployment rate of women in Iran is considered just another example of violence against women. Some experts refer to this type of violence as “economic violence.”
According to the statistics released by the Statistics Center in Iran, the number of unemployed women is higher than men. The average annual unemployment rate in Iran is 1.8%. With an annual growth rate of 3.8%, the population of women without jobs reached 37,000,516 in 2017. That means that Iranian women’s unemployment rate reached a peak of 32.3% in 2017.
The state-run ISNA news agency reported on November 30, 2018, that the rate of unemployed women had increased from 17% in 2005 to more than 20% in 2016. The unemployment rate for graduate students in the same period increased from 15.7 percent to 20.4 percent. (The state-run ISNA news agency – November 30, 2018)
In a report on November 21, 2018, the Special Commission for the Protection of National Production and Monitoring of the Implementation of Article 44 of the Constitution announced, “The unemployment rate of educated young people is between 50% and 63%; this rate for young educated women reaches 78%. These are disturbing figures that indicate a very bad situation in the job market.” (The state-run ISNA news agency – November 21, 2018)
Of course, all of the above contradictory statistics should be considered tampered and manipulated and the actual unemployment figures for educated women are much higher. In 2015, the clerical regime announced that the unemployment rate for educated women was 85.9 percent.