Women in History – 19 April

María Josefa Crescencia Ortiz Téllez- Girón, popularly known as Doña Josefa Ortiz de Domínguez (April 19, 1773 – March 2, 1829) was an insurgent and supporter of the Mexican War of Independence,

who fought for independence against Spain, in the early 19th century.

After the war of independence in 1822, Mexican Emperor offered Ortiz de Domínguez the role of lady-in-waiting for his wife. However, Ortiz de Domínguez believed the establishment of a Mexican Empire, instead of a Republic, was against the ideals she had fought for during the revolutionary period, and she refused the honor. In 1823, she was designated a “woman of honor” by the empress, a tribute which she also denounced.

During the late years of her life, Ortiz de Domínguez was involved with several radical political groups. She always refused any reward for her involvement in the independence movement arguing that she was only doing her duty as a patriot.