1957 – Gabriela Mistral, Chilean poet and educator, diplomat and feminist, Nobel Prize laureate, to-date the only Latin American woman to win the Nobel Prize in Literature
Gabriela Mistral (April 7, 1889 –January 10, 1957) was born in Vicuña, Chile, but was raised in the small Andean village of Montegrande.
On November 15, 1945, Mistral became the first Latin American, and fifth woman, to receive the Nobel Prize in Literature. She received the award in person from King Gustav of Sweden on December 10, 1945. In 1947 she received a doctor honoris causa from Mills College, Oakland, California. In 1951 she was awarded the National Literature Prize in Chile.
In early January 1957 she moved to Hempstead, New York, where she died from pancreatic cancer at the age of 67.