Women in Tehran first entered politics during the reign of Naseraddin Shah when women participated in protests of the Tobacco movement. However, it was not until the constitutional revolution that women participated directly in political struggles.
The extent of this participation was so high that Eynodoleh, the Minister at the time, banned women from leaving their houses in Tehran and soldiers were ordered to arrest any woman they saw on the streets.
In the wake of the constitutional revolution and during the sit-in by clerics in Shah-Abdol-Azim, women went to the site to help revolutionaries, in spite of all the financial and personal dangers they were to face. During the fight to capture Tehran, Bibi Bakhtiari, a woman, picked a gun and fought alongside men, opening a new chapter in women’s struggle for freedom.