Women in Tehran first entered politics during the reign of Naseraddin Shah when women participated in protests of the Tobacco movement. However, it was not until the constitutional revolution that women participated directly in political struggles.
This society was established by Roshanak Nodoost in 1920. The society was formed with the help of Jamileh Sadighi and Sakineh Shabrang, because of the hardships and difficulties resulted from the First World War. The goal of the society was increasing literacy among women, establishment of literacy classes, organizing lectures and building libraries.
Bibi Maryam was one of the intellectual and educated women of her era, who was a supporter of the constitutional revolution. She was very skilled in horseback riding and shooting, as a result of her tribal living style. As a result of her marriage to a “Khan”, she always had several riders along her side and could rush to the help of the constitutional revolutionary forces when needed.
Upon the request of the Dominican Republic on November 25, 1999, the UN named this day as the global day of Elimination of Violence against Women so that each year, on this day, all the governments around the world, international organizations and NGOs would carry out plans to enlighten the public opinion about this social problem.
This picture goes back to end of April 1980 in Iran where PMOI members and supporters held a protest against Khomeini.
PMOI members and sympathizers were the subject of daily harassment, arrests, torture and killing. The aim was to silence them and force them to surrender.